Middle East Airlines – Wikipedia

Flag-carrier airline of the Lebanon
Middle East Airlines – Air Liban S.A.L. ( Arabic : طيران الشرق الأوسط ـ الخطوط الجوية اللبنانية Ṭayyarān al-Sharq al-Awsaṭ – al-Khuṭūṭ al-jawiyyah al-lubnāniyyah ), more normally known as Middle East Airlines (MEA) ( Arabic : طيران الشرق الأوسط Ṭayyarān al-Sharq al-Awsaṭ ), is the national flag-carrier airline of Lebanon, with its fountainhead agency in Beirut, [ 4 ] near Beirut–Rafic Hariri International Airport. [ 5 ] It operates scheduled international flights to Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa from its base at Rafic Hariri International Airport. [ 6 ] Middle East Airlines ( MEA ) is a member of the SkyTeam airline confederation. MEA expressed its interest in becoming a SkyTeam associate degree extremity in early 2006 at a weight-lift conference in New York. [ 7 ] On 28 February 2011, the airline signed the partnership agreement with SkyTeam at a ceremony in Beirut, and officially joined the alliance on 28 June 2012, becoming its seventeenth penis and the second member airline in the Middle East .

history [edit ]

Middle East Airlines was founded on 31 May 1945 by Saeb Salam and Fawzi EL-Hoss with operational and technical confirm from BOAC. Operations started on 1 January 1946 using three de Havilland DH.89A Dragon Rapides on flights between Beirut and Nicosia, followed by flights to Iraq, Egypt, and Syria. Two Douglas DC-3s were acquired in mid-1946. Pan American World Airways acquired a stake and management contract in September 1949.

Pan Am was replaced when BOAC acquired 49 % of MEA ‘s shares in 1955. A Vickers Viscount was introduced in October 1955 while an Avro York cargo aircraft was leased in June 1957. On 15 December 1960 the first of four de Havilland Comet 4Cs arrived. After the association with BOAC ended on 16 August 1961, MEA was merged with Air Liban on 7 June 1963, which gave Air France a 30 % halt ( since relinquished ). The entire title was then Middle East Airlines – Air Liban. In 1963 MEA besides took over lebanese International Airways. The flit was modernised with the addition of three Sud Aviation Caravelles in April 1963, three Boeing 720 Bs in January 1966, one leased Vickers VC10 in March 1967, and a numeral of Boeing 707-320Cs from November 1967. The current identify was adopted in November 1965 when the airline was completely merged with Air Liban. Although operations were interrupted by the 1967 Arab–Israeli war, and by the Israeli raid on Beirut Airport in 1968 – in which the airline lost three Comet 4C ‘s, two Caravelles, a Boeing 707, the Vickers VC10, and the Vickers Viscount [ 8 ] – MEA restarted by acquiring a Convair 990 A from American Airlines, which entered service on 24 June 1969. A Boeing 747-200B entered service in June 1975 on the Beirut– London route, and later on the Beirut–Paris–New York route from April 1983 until mid-1985. MEA had to adjust its operations due to the Lebanese Civil War between 1975 and 1991 but continued services despite multiple closures of the base at Beirut International Airport. Airbus A310-300s were acquired in 1993 and 1994, followed by an A321-200 in 1997 and the A330-200 ( which replaced the A310s ) in 2003. The airline has introduced self-check-in kiosks at Beirut International Airport as of July 2010. The airline is besides planning on launching the Arabesk Airline Alliance with six other arabian carriers. Their future plans include floating about 25 % of their shares on the Beirut Stock Exchange ( BSE ) as partially of a long-run design to amply privatize the airline. In November 2011, MEA ‘s pilots union staged a 48-hour strike after a captain undergo cancer treatment was dismissed curtly after going on nauseated leave. [ 9 ] On 28 June 2012, Middle East Airlines joined the SkyTeam alliance to become its seventeenth extremity and the second gear in the Middle East following Saudia. 5,000 staff are employed across the airline group. The cardinal bank of Lebanon, Banque du Liban, owns a majority share of 99.50 %. [ 10 ]

Destinations [edit ]

Middle East Airlines flies to 31 destinations in the Middle East, Europe, and Africa. In addition, Medina is served seasonally, while Mykonos is offered as a seasonal worker charter destination .

Codeshare agreements [edit ]

MEA has codeshare agreements with the following airlines : [ 11 ]
MEA besides participates in SNCF ‘s ( french National Railways ) tgvair program. [ 15 ]

fleet [edit ]

stream evanesce [edit ]

MEA ( excluding Cedar Executive ) operates an all- Airbus fleet. As of January 2022, it consists of the postdate aircraft : [ citation needed ]

Historic fleet [edit ]

Fleet development [edit ]

Middle East Airlines firmed up its order for ten-spot Airbus A320neo family aircraft ( five A320neo and five A321neo ) in January 2013. [ 17 ] The ordain for the A320neo was former converted to five more A321neo aircraft. The first A321neo was delivered on 10 July 2020 ; [ 18 ] the third, delivered 9 October 2020, was the 10,000th A320 family aircraft produced. [ 19 ] On 12 December 2018, the then- Prime Minister of Lebanon, Saad Hariri, signed an order with engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce Holdings for four Airbus A330-900s. [ 20 ] During the 2019 Paris Air Show, the airline became the launch customer for the A321XLR : four XLRs were ordered, intended for habit on routes to Africa and Asia. [ 21 ] Cedar Executive, MEA ‘s business jet subordinate, took delivery of its first Embraer Legacy 500 on 5 January 2016 .

Frequent-flyer broadcast [edit ]

In 2011, Middle East Airlines changed its frequent-flyer program to a 4-tier program- Blue Cedar, Silver Cedar, Golden Cedar, and President ‘s Club, respectively- in training for joining the SkyTeam airline alliance. Silver Cedar, Golden Cedar, and President ‘s Club members gain numerous benefits such as access to the Cedar Lounge at Beirut-Rafic Hariri International Airport, a well as outstation lounges at all MEA destinations. Golden Cedar and President ‘s Club offer extra benefits, including guarantee economy seat reservation. [ 22 ] cedar Miles can be earned and redeemed on all MEA flights and on all flights operated by Air France, KLM, and Qatar Airways, angstrom well as codeshare partners on certain routes. Cedar Miles can besides be earned during stays at all Rotana Hotels and all Hertz car rentals worldwide. [ 23 ]

Subsidiaries [edit ]

MEA owns the pursuit subsidiaries, which are operated independently :

  • Cedar Executive
Founded in January 2016, Cedar Executive is a private jet service based at Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport which operates business flights across Europe and the Middle East, using two Embraer Legacy 500s. Clients have access to a private lounge and chauffeur service to the flight.
  • Middle East Airlines Ground Handling (MEAG)
Founded in 1999, MEAG is the main ground handling agent at Beirut International Airport, handling nearly 80% of all traffic. MEAG also operates a fixed-base operator called Cedar Jet Center at the General Aviation Terminal.
  • Middle East Airports Services (MEAS)
Founded in 1998, MEAS is responsible for the operation and maintenance of Beirut International Airport. Services range from cleaning of the terminals to de-rubberising the runways.
  • Mideast Aircraft Services Company (MASCO)
Founded in 1955, MASCO is the only fully fledged aircraft maintenance, repair, and overhaul provider at Beirut International Airport. MASCO is a part 145 EASA-approved MRO with full airframe check capabilities on the Airbus A300, A310, A320, and A330 family aircraft. MASCO is also certified to carry out aircraft painting.

In accession, MEA owns 77.5 % of the Lebanese Beirut Airport Catering Company (LBACC), the only cater supplier at Beirut International Airport .

Accidents and incidents [edit ]

An MEA aircraft was destroyed during a confrontation between the Israelis and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1982

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

  1. ^ Vickers Viscount OD-ACT ; Sud Caravelles OD-AEE and OD-AEF ; de Havilland Comets OD-ADQ, OD-ADR and OD-ADS ; Boeing 707 OD-AFC ; and a Ghana Airways Vickers VC10 ( 9G-ABP ) operate on for MEA

References [edit ]

Media related to Middle East Airlines at Wikimedia Commons

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